1. Mars is nicknamed the red planet because it is covered with rust-like dust. Even the atmosphere is a pink- red, colored by tiny particles of dust thrown up from the surface.
2. Mars experiences violent dust storms which continually change its surface.
3. Mars has many massive volcanoes and is home to Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in our solar system, it stands 21km high and is 600km across the base.
4. Mars is the 4th planet from the sun in our solar system.
5. Mars is named after the Roman God of war and agri-culture.
6. It takes Mars about 687 Earth days to orbit the sun one time even though it travels at about the same speed as Earth.
7. A day (from sunrise to sunset) on Mars is about 24 hours, just like Earth.
8. Mars’s atmosphere is made up of carbon dioxide, nitrogen, argon, and other gases.
9. Mars can be seen without a telescope. It is a reddish object in the sky. The planet gets its reddish color from rust (iron oxide) in the surface.